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Electronic Music Material in PDF for High School Music Technology courses, Music Conservatories, and my online and offline lessons.

Acoustics and Psychoacoustics

In these chapters, we will give an overview of the physics of the sound event with all its characteristics. We will clarify the concepts of Frequency, Amplitude, and Phase of a wave and then talk about timbre and all its representations.
Sound 1 – Wave and period
Sound 2 – Frequency
Sound 3 – Amplitude
Sound 4 – Phase
Sound 5 – Timbre
Sound Objects classification
Sounds examples
Example instrument analysis
Auditory system / Apparato uditivo (IT)

Electroacoustic systems

This section will discuss electroacoustic chains and all the machines that make them up, particularly microphones, mixers, pickups, speakers, and cables. We will also deal with digital chains, thus talking about computers, sound cards, monitors, and the mechanisms underlying the transduction of the signal from analog to digital and vice versa.
Catena elettroacustica Analogica
Cavi – quiz
Cavi – spiegazione
Microfoni e Pickup
Catena Digitale

Sound synthesis

In this section, we will analyze the algorithms of the leading sound synthesis techniques with hints at the main hardware and software tools that use them. These are the covered techniques:
Additive synthesis
Subtractive synthesis
RM synthesis
AM synthesis
FM synthesis
Phase Distortion
Physical modeling synthesis
Granular synthesis
Synthesis by sample
Wavetable synthesis

Sound synthesis

Electronic Music history

We will look at the history of electroacoustic music, starting with the first instruments for recording and reproducing sound, passing through the concrete music of the Paris school, the electronic music of the Cologne studio, and arriving at the Phonology studio of the RAI in Milan, which attempts to unite the two currents of thought. Finally, we will talk about digital music, new sound synthesis techniques, and spectralism up to the present day.
Storia 0 – I primi passi della musica elettronica
Storia 1 – Parigi
Tabella classificazione oggetto sonoro
Suoni classificati
De Natura Sonorum – Parmegiani
Storia 2 – Colonia
Analisi di Gesange der Junglinge – Stockhausen
Analisi di Concrete PH – Xenakis
Storia 3 – Milano
Storia 4 – USA, UK e Canada
Storia 5 – Computer Music
Storia 6 – Elettronica nella cultura pop

Sound processing

In this section we will discuss the sound processing systems.
Dynamic processors

Communication protocols

We will address the main communication protocols that drive electronic instruments or effects: MIDI and OSC.
Communication protocols / Protocolli di comunicazione (IT)

Electronic Music introduction

This section will describe some setups that use technologies to record, process, and generate music. We will discuss basic concepts such as sound synthesis, sound processing, real-time, and delayed time. Some concepts also in Music Analysis.
Lesson 0 Music and Computer / Lezione 0 Musica e Computer (IT)
Music Analysis

Video and Multimedia

In this section we will look at the main approaches to multimedia:
Audiovision / Audiovisione (IT)




Record and edit audio software. FREE and open source.


Software DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) FREE (to evaluate). PC or MAC

Pure Data

Visual objects programming language. FREE and open source


Visual object programming language by Cycling 74, also integrated in Ableton Live (max for live)


Analysis/resynthesis audio processing software. FREE


Music notation software. FREE


Pierre Schaeffer – Treatise on Musical Objects: An Essay Across Disciplines (1966) – University of California Press, 2017
R. Murray Schäfer – The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World – ed. Inner Traditions/Bear & Company, 1993
Curtis Roads – The Computer Music Tutorial – ed. Mit Press, 1995
Luigi Agostini – Creare paesaggi sonori – Edizioni, 2007
Alex Ross – The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century – Picador, 2008
Andrea Cremaschi, Francesco Giomi – Rumore bianco: introduzione alla musica digitale – ed. Zanichelli, 2008
Iannis Xenakis, Sharon E. Kanach – Music and architecture : architectural projects, texts, and realization – Pendragon Press, 2008
Autori Vari – Dizionario enciclopedico universale della musica e dei musicisti (DEUMM) – diretto da Alberto Basso, 16 vol, Utet, 2010
Enrico Cosimi – Manuale di musica elettronica. Teoria e tecnica dei sintetizzatori – ed. Tecniche Nuove, 2011
Leonello Tarabella – Musica Informatica – ed. Maggioli, 2014
Vincenzo Lombardo, Andrea Valle – Audio e multimedia – ed. Apogeo Education, 2014
Dennis DeSantis – Making Music: 74 Creative Strategies for Electronic Music Producers – ed. Ableton AG, 2015
V.J. Manzo, Will Kuhn – Interactive Composition: Strategies Using Ableton Live and Max for Live – ed. Oxford University Press, 2015
David Felton, Greg Scarth, Chris Barker, Oliver Curry, Marc Adamo – The Secrets of Dance Music Production – ed. Jake Island Ltd, 2016
Alessandro Cipriani, Maurizio Giri – Electronic Music and Sound Design – Theory and Practice with Max 8 – Vol.1 – ed. ConTempoNet, 2019 Alessandro Cipriani, Maurizio Giri – Electronic Music and Sound Design – Theory and Practice with Max 8 – Vol.2 – ed. ConTempoNet, 2020
Mark Fell – Structure and Synthesis – The anatomy of practice – Urbanomic, 2021
Tommaso Rosati, Suono Elettronico – manuale per studenti di Tecnologie Musicali e altri esploratori di Suoni, Volontè&Co. 2023