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Max for live is a Ableton Live toolkit to create custom instruments, effects, and other tools to do exactly what you need. You can see what max for live is here.
Dedelay is a max for live device that allows you to choose a note to delay with detune on every repetition. You can go up or down and choose the rate of the repetitions: to do that you can operate manually or analyze your incoming sound with an envelope follower.
It’s a simple stutter that can be activated by a knob in your MIDI controller.
Higher are the values you set with the knob more are the repetitions you get (and smaller the grains).
With the other knob the pitch of the stuttering can also be changed.